The History of Cito
||Professor De Groot conducts a study trip to Educational Testing Service in the USA.|
||Upon completion of his study trip, De Groot writes a proposal for the foundation of an Educational Testing Service the Netherlands.|
||Professors Idenburg and De Groot establish the Institute for Educational Research (SVO).|
||The minister for Science and Education seeks advice from the SVO regarding the possibility of creating a central testing institute. |
||An SVO commission proposes the development of the Central Institute for Test Development (Cito). A temporary board is created. |
||Cito is officially launched with Wiel Solberg as its first director. |
||Cito is established as a public corporation, falling under the Educational Welfare Law (WOV).|
||Cito is privatised.|
||Cito establishes subsidiaries in the USA and Germany.|
||Cito establishes a subsidiary in Turkey.|
The early years: 1958-1966
The well-known psychologist Adriaan de Groot was one of the founders of the Central Institute for Test Development (Cito). In 1958 De Groot conducted a study trip to Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the USA. ETS is an institute that studies and measures educational performance. On his visit De Groot developed the idea of testing Dutch students using multiple-choice questions, a method that was unknown in the Netherlands at that time.
Upon his return from the USA, De Groot began preparation for the foundation of a Dutch version of ETS. Seven years later the Institute for Educational Research (SOV) became a reality. Professor Idenburg was the first president of the board and De Groot one of the first board members.
In 1966 the then-called Ministry of Science and Education requested the advice of the SOV regarding setting up a central Dutch Testing Institute. A year later the advisory committee of the SVO proposed the development of what would become Cito.
Foundation and privatisation: 1967 - 1998
A temporary Cito board, of which Wiel Solberg was the first director, was quickly established in Arnhem, the Netherlands. In 1968 Cito officially began its work.
Cito rapidly established its reputation both in the Netherlands and internationally. In 1987 the institute became a public corporation, falling under the remit of the Educational Welfare Law (WVO). The WOV provided the legal framework for the activities of all educational institutions and foundations.
Growth and diversification
As a result of changes in the law, Cito was privatised on January 1st, 1999. From that moment on Cito became active not only in education, but also in business and government. As a natural extension of its growing role, Cito has broadened its offerings to serve the international community. Cito is now operating in Germany, the USA and Turkey and is in the process of establishing operations in a number of other countries, including Japan and South Korea.