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The History of Cito


February 1958 Professor De Groot conducts a study trip to Educational Testing Service in the USA.
1958 Upon completion of his study trip, De Groot writes a proposal for the foundation of an Educational Testing Service the Netherlands.
1965 Professors Idenburg and De Groot establish the Institute for Educational Research (SVO).
1966 The minister for Science and Education seeks advice from the SVO regarding the possibility of creating a central testing institute.
1967 An SVO commission proposes the development of the Central Institute for Test Development (Cito). A temporary board is created.
1968 Cito is officially launched with Wiel Solberg as its first director.
1987 Cito is established as a public corporation, falling under the Educational Welfare Law (WOV).
January 1999 Cito is privatised.
2004 Cito establishes subsidiaries in the USA and Germany.

The early years: 1958-1966

The well-known psychologist Adriaan de Groot was one of the founders of the Central Institute for Test Development (Cito). In 1958 De Groot conducted a study trip to Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the USA. ETS is an institute that studies and measures educational performance. On his visit De Groot developed the idea of testing Dutch students using multiple-choice questions, a method that was unknown in the Netherlands at that time.

Upon his return from the USA, De Groot began preparation for the foundation of a Dutch version of ETS. Seven years later the Institute for Educational Research (SOV) became a reality. Professor Idenburg was the first president of the board and De Groot one of the first board members.

In 1966 the then-called Ministry of Science and Education requested the advice of the SOV regarding setting up a central Dutch Testing Institute. A year later the advisory committee of the SVO proposed the development of what would become Cito.

Foundation and privatisation: 1967 - 1998

A temporary Cito board, of which Wiel Solberg was the first director, was quickly established in Arnhem, the Netherlands. In 1968 Cito officially began its work.
Cito rapidly established its reputation both in the Netherlands and internationally. In 1987 the institute became a public corporation, falling under the remit of the Educational Welfare Law (WVO). The WOV provided the legal framework for the activities of all educational institutions and foundations.

Growth and diversification

As a result of changes in the law, Cito was privatised on January 1st, 1999. From that moment on Cito became active not only in education, but also in business and government. As a natural extension of its growing role, Cito has broadened its offerings to serve the international community. Cito is now operating in Germany, the USA and is in the process of establishing operations in a number of other countries, including Japan and South Korea.

3/24/2016More information?